Born in 1920 in the 24-Para- ganas district of West Bengal, Shri Hemanta Kumar Mukho- padhyay was initiated in Hinduslani vocal music by Shri Phani Bhushan Banerjee. His first gramophone record, issued in 1937, led to numerous playback assignments in Bengali films beginning with Nemai Sanyas. Moving to Bombay in 1951, Shri Hemanta Kumar rose of quick promi- nence as a singer in Hindi films, Anand Math and Nagin being his early success. Together with playback singing he combined the role of music director from the start of his career in films and has composed music for several hundred features in Bengali and Hindi. Films apart, Shri Hemanta Mukhopadhyay is reckoned among the finest and most popular exponents of Rabindra Sangeet and the compositions of contemporary Bengali composers. Over a career of five decades he has received several honours and awards, among them an honorary D. Litt from the Rabindra Bharati University in 1985. For his eminence in the field of music and his contribution to its enrichment Shri Hemanta Kumar Mukhopadhyay receiv- es the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for Creative Music for 1986.