Born on 8 October 1959 in village Gamhariya, East Champaran district of Bihar, Shri Ramchandra Singh has learnt various traditional and folk theatre forms of Bihar like Natua Naach, Bidapat, Jharki Nritya, and Kirtaniya from local performing art troupes of his region. To hone his skills further, Shri Ramchandra Singh joined the Bhartendu Natya Academy, Lucknow for training in Dramatic Arts from 1986-87. After completion of his course, he has worked with eminent theatre directors like Shri Raj Bisaria, Mr Fritz Bennewitz, Shri Badal Sarkar, and others.
In the year 1992, he joined Naya Theatre, a group established by Habib Tanvir, eminent theatre director, playwright and poet. With this group, Shri Ramchandra Singh experimented with various folk performing art styles of Bihar and Chhattisgarh, which he creditably utilized in his performances in many plays directed by Habib Tanvir like Dekh Rahe Hain Nain, Mitti Ki Gadi, Charandas Chor, Gaon ka Naam Sasural Mor Naam Damad, Kamdev Ka Apna Basant Ritu Ka Sapna, Chanakya, Agra Bazaar and Zahreeli Hawa. Shri Ramchandra Singh has also worked as the Director of the group Naya Theatre for the year 2013-14. He has directed various plays like Konark, Ta Mein ek Itihas, Khamosh Juloos, and Hamlet, incorporating the various folk elements of Bihar and Chhattisgarh.
For his contribution to the folk theatre of Bihar, he has been felicitated by various cultural institutions of the country and has also been the recipient of a Senior Fellowship Award for Academic Research in the field of Theatre from the Ministry of Culture, Government of India (2008-2010).
Shri Ramchandra Singh receives the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for his contribution to the folk theatre of Bihar.