Born in 1945 in Jodhpur, Raja- sthan, Shrimati Usha Ganguli took her Master’s in Hindi litera- ture and joined the Bhowanipur Education Society College as a Lecturer in Hindi in 1970.
Having trained in dance in her childhood under Guru Maruth- appa Pillai, Manjulika Roy Chowdhury and Nadia Singh, she had performed Bharata- natyam on the stage at an early young age. In 1970 she joined Sangeet Kala Mandir, Calcutta, as an actress and was soon acclaimed for her talent. She also received training in theatre from Tripti Mitra and in 1976 formed her own theatre group, Rangkarmee. She attracted attention as a director with her production of Rudali, which was performed in various parts of the country. Her other significant productions include Mahabhoj, Lok Katha, Holi, Court Martial, Jat hi Poochho Sadhu ki, Prastav, and Himmat Mai. She has also translated and adapted several plays, and has written screenplays for films and television.
Usha Ganguli has received a number of honours for direction and acting including awards of the Government of West Bengal (1982, 1985, 1987), the Ritwik Ghatak Memorial Award (1997), the Pashchim Banga Natya Academy Award (1994, 1997), and the Uttar Pradesh Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1998).
Shrimati Usha Ganguli recei- ves the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for her contribution to Indian theatre as a director.