Born on 3 April 1943 in Nirmali village in Bhagalpur (now Supaul) district of Bihar, Shri Rameshwar Prem began his literary career writing poetry and short fiction. He obtained a Master's degree in Hindi at Bihar University in 1965 and moved to Delhi in 1969, working at the Central Hindi Directorate of the Ministry of Education, Government of India. He was later employed in theCentral Translation Bureau of the Ministry of Home Affairs, retiring as Assistant Director in 2003.
Shri Prem was drawn into the theatre watching rehearsals of Dishantar productions in Delhi in the early I970s, where he made friends with Om Shivpuri, Mohan Maharishi, and Ram Gopal Bajaj. His first play Ajathghar, based on his own story, was produced in 1973 under the direction of Ram Gopal Bajaj. It has since been produced by a number of theatre groups across the country. Shri Rameshwar Prem's other well-known plays are Charpai (1976), Anatrang (1980), Camp (1981), Shastra Santan (1984), and Kaalpatra (1997). Shri Prem has translated Ben Jonson's Volpone into Hindi – Lomadvesh (1980) - as well as Sophocles' Electra (1982) Euripides' Iphigenia in Aulis (1990), and Shakespeare's Twelfth Night. His collections of poetry are Baraf ki Araniyan, Havigandha Suno, and Nicoberiye.
Shri Prem has been honoured for his work with the Sahiryakriti Samman (1996, 1998, 2010) conferred by the Hindi Academy of Delhi. More recently, he has received the Rameshwar Kashyap Puraskar (2013) from the Department of Culture, Government of Bihar.
Shri Rameshwar Prem receives the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for his contribution to Indian theatre as a playwright.